The following are the nationally recognized Festivals and Public Holidays in Egypt:
Labour’s (Day, May): Is observed by all workers except those in Government service, The holiday may also be known as International Worker’s Day or May Day and is marked with a public holiday in over 80 countries.
Sinai Liberation Day (25 April): Celebrating Israel’s return of the peninsula in 1982. 23 July the revolution anniversary, 23 December victor day unity and victory days are observed only by educational institutions, the main national event in Egypt is the celebration of the revolutions anniversary. it starts in the evening of July 22 with a mass rally in a republic (el Gomhuria square attended by the president, on 23 July an army parade is staged in the morning on the 24th a youth parade is organized in the evening in the Cairo Stadium.
Nile Fulfillment Festival: In a country which is the gift of the Nile, it is only natural that this life-giving river should also have its own celebrations in August the country celebrates the rise of the river Nile as the ancient Egyptians did many centuries ago. today especially after the cessation of the Nile flood on account of the construction of the high dam, the celebration is merely symbolic during them decorated barge surrounded by many boat cruising on the Nile between Tahrir Bridge and Nilometer of the Manial El Roda island in Cairo or Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan.
Sham El Nesim: (the spring festival, which falls on the first Monday after the Coptic Orthodox Easter, During this festival, Egyptian family spends a full day out picnicking in any public space of green, parks, gardens, or at the zoo, or on the Nile, enjoy their traditional meals of salted fish, onions and eggs.
Arab Horse Race: In January every year, a horse riding contest is held on the grounds of Giza rural club along the Pyramids road the riders and horses are arrayed in colorful Arab attire. The competition includes the physical appearance of the Arab horse, as well as the saddle and outfit which should be of Arab style Horses are required to perform certain compulsory movements such as the trot, the salutation, the gallop, in addition to some other movements including dancing to music played by a folk band.
Prophet’s Birthday: The birthday of the prophet Mohamed or Mulid El Nabi is nationally recognized and its dates vary from one year to another since they calculate based on Muslim lunar calendar. The birthday of the prophet, strangely enough, was also the day of his death since both events occurred on Monday the 12th Rabi ul awal, The Prophet’s birthday is celebrated every year with great reverence, big rallies are organized by various religious groups in the neighborhood of the most venerated mosques, gaily decorated sugar-dolls are on display for children to enjoy and the later of course to eat, the same shops also sell Hommos (dried chickpeas), sweets, sesame, peanuts, hazelnuts, and coconut.
The Moslem New Year: (Ras el Sana el Higria )commemorates the day upon which the profit made the Higra (the flight )to medina from Makka in the year.
Ramadan Feast: The fasting month of Ramadan is observed with reverence and is marked by gaiety, a gun is fired at sunset and before dawn marking the hours of Iftar and Sohour, however the Measharaty a survival from the past still goas around in some district at night walking people up for the sohour by hammering on a small drum and singing traditional folk verses, Ramadan evening is full of religious and social activities families exchange visits and homemade Baklawa, khushaf and Amarr el din, as well as various kinds of nuts, are offered to visitors and guests .all over the country minarets are illuminated . in the older parts of Cairo where the celebration is more colorful children go in groups singing and waved their colored lanterns hailing the month, whereas the cafes are crowded with people enjoying their tea, smoking water pipes, shisha and playing tric trac, tawla.
Ramadan Feast (Eid el Fitr) this marks the conclusion of the fasting period of Ramadan the holiday covers the last day of Ramadan (alwakfa) plus the three days of the feast.
Adha Feast: (idul-adha) this is a sacrificial feast which commemorates the sending of a ram to relive Ibrahim from sacrificing his son as he had been ordered to do in his dream. The holiday lasts five days starting with el Wakfa which is the day upon which pilgrims stand on mount Arafat at Mecca .