The Great Pyramids of Giza is the must See Ancient Egyptian landmark, The complex Of Giza contains the last remaining monument of the seven wonders of the ancient world the great pyramid of Giza, the Three pyramids at Giza were arranged in chronological order from the north to east to southwest, descending in volume, size, and level of perfection, each pyramid has a burial chamber but we did not find any Mummies inside the Giza pyramids, served as the necropolis for the royalty of the old kingdom, built to endure eternity for another life, this site was also later used by two kings khafra and Menkaura of the fourth dynasty, and other three small pyramids belonging to the women of the kings, these small pyramids are belonging to the king’s mothers, sisters & daughters.
The Great Pyramid of King Khufu, Dedicated to King Khufu, sneferu’s successor (also know as Cheops Greek name), who returned north to a prominent site on the plateau of Giza to build his pyramid, and became the best-known pyramid in the world, It was designed by King Khufu’s vizier Hemiunu, The size and Grandeur of Khufu’s pyramid can be taken as reflections of the overall strength, comprehensive centralization, and effectiveness of his rule, the great pyramid of Khufu originally stood 147 meters high, it is estimated to contain 2.3 Milion limestone blocks, averaging 2.5 Tons each, and covering an area of thirteen hectares, equivalent nearly eighteen soccer fields, Its four sides face the four cardinal points precisely and it has an angle of 52 degrees. and it has 2 entrances, the upper one is the original entrance but it is closed now, and the other one Created in the 9th century A.D by Khalif El-Mamoun.
The Pyramid of Khafre (and sometimes spelled Chephren )as it becomes known, is situated to the southwest of Khufu’s pyramid while two and a half meters shorter, it gives an impression of being taller because it is built on slightly higher ground, It reaches the height of 136.4 (448 ft.) on a base of 215.5 m (706 ft.), the burial chamber being underground, its related funerary temples have now been mostly destroyed, except for the granite temple that stands near the sphinx.
The third pyramid of Giza Pyramids of King Mykerinus considerably smaller than the first two, built by Menkaura or Mykerinus, occupies less than half the area taken by the great pyramid and it is only sixty-six meters high, was the only pyramid covered by granite, Remnants of its original casing have still appeared on the top of the structure, Archeologists believe that the pyramid was never completed because some of the remaining course of granite at the bottom levels of the pyramid are still rough.