In ancient Egypt, The pharaoh means Great House, Whilst the pharaoh was believed to be divine and without equal on earth, there were typically visible amongst their people, and often performed important duties, such as laying foundation stones at temples, the pharaoh was also expected to uphold the principles of maat or justice and had a responsibility to his people for it was his governance that would decide their fate and his duty to the region the gods at death in order that the people of Egypt could continue to prosper.
we rely on the History of Egypt about some evidence such as the Palermo Stone, which covers the period from the earliest dynasties to the middle of Dynasty 5; the Abydos King List, which Seti I had carved on his temple at Abydos; and the Turin Canon, a papyrus that covers the period from the earliest dynasties to the reign of Ramesses II.also Manetho in the third century B.C. A priest in the temple at Heliopolis, Manetho had access to many sources and it was he who divided the kings into the thirty dynasties we use today.
King Cheops was the son of King senefru, His mother queen was Hetp hers , was the second king of 4th dynasty, He Reigned for about 23 years, his name was Khnum-Khufwy, which means who protect me), Although he was not the first pharaoh to construct a pyramid, but The Great Pyramid of King Cheops is the largest and most perfect pyramid in Egypt and considered To be one of the 7 wonders of the world under the supervision of Heminu, but apart from this, we know very little about him. His only surviving statue is, ironically, the smallest piece of Egyptian royal sculpture ever discovered, The statue was Discovered by Petri Inside The Temple of Abydos, During The Excavation petri only found The Body Of The statue, and keep searching Until They found The Head of Statue After one week.
Mentuhotep ‘’is considered the founder of the middle kingdom he was a very strong man who came from the south, he ruled the country for 51 years, 10 of which as king of upper Egypt and 41 as king of upper and lower Egypt, his name means god Montu is satisfied, his name was found in some historical sources like Palermo stone and Turin papyrus written in red ink.
Mentuhotep.nbhptr3 built his tomb and temple in accordance at the Thebes famously known as el Deir Bahari, his temple consists of three elevated terraces preceded by a portico and surmounted by a massive construction surrounded by a colonnade that brings to mind the primeval hillock, the temple was the first temple to be constructed on an elevated terrace.
Hatshepsut: who was to become the most powerful female ruler in Egyptian history, initially Hatshepsut ruled as co-regent with her stepson, Tuthmosis III who had succeeded To The Throne But was Too Young to reign, She ruled longer than any other female pharaoh and is regarded as being one of the most successful pharaohs in Egyptian history. Egyptologist James Henry Breasted said she is “the first great woman in the history of whom we are informed.” She re-established trade networks and embarked on great building projects in Egypt.
Become one of the most successful pharaoh, and using propaganda to asset her position, the first pharaoh to assume the title king of upper and lower Egypt amongst her significant achievement was a massive program of building works throughout Egypt, the reestablishment of numerous trade routes and initiation of expeditions to the far south, including a voyage to punt
Tutankhamun: was Born Circa1341B.C.E. and given The Tutankhaten Meaning (The Living Image Of Aten, Tutankhamun married one of the daughters of Akhnten who probably his half-sister (Ankhesenamun)which means she who lives for god Amun, he ruled Egypt for 9 years he got the throne when he was 9 years and died suddenly when he was 18 years.
The tomb of the Eighteenth Dynasty king Tutankhamun (c.1336–1327 BC) is world-famous because it is the only royal tomb from the Valley of the Kings that was discovered relatively intact.,Inside the tomb they found over 3000 treasures meant for Tutankhamun to take with him into the afterlife, Tutankhamun was buried in a tomb in the valley of the kings .it is believed that his early death necessitated a hasty burial in a smaller tomb, most likely built for a lesser noble.
The Curse of the Mummy!
The curse of the mummy started after Tutankhamun’s tomb was opened. Mummies have been thought to have magical powers and will curse anyone who disturbs them. It started when Lord Carnarvon, the man who paid for the dig of King Tut’s tomb, died soon after it was opened. As soon as he died, all the lights in Cairo went out mysteriously. Other stories are that Carter’s spet canary was killed by a cobra and Carnarvon’s dog died the same night. Some think it was a germ but others say it was magic.
Also known as Ramesses the great, Ramesses II is thought to have been Egypt’s longest-reigning pharaoh, and probably one of the most long-lived, ruling for around sixty-six years, and supposedly reaching over ninety years of age, the son of king seti and queen tuya, and ascended to the throne at around the age of twenty-five, by which time he was no doubt well trained in the art of war .in about the fifth year of his reign , Ramesses mobilized a vast army against the Hittites at Kadesh, resulting in a celebrated, but an ultimately inconclusive battle which would be followed by several campaigns to Syria in subsequent years.ramssess is also well remembered for his monuments building, and he was one of the most prolific pharaohs in this regard .his legacy includes his huge temple at Thebes, known as Ramesseum and his rock temple at Abu Simbel